There is a tradition across the Globe to celebrate the particular day for public awareness, on which discussion and events occur. Before 2012, there is no Radio Day. On October20, 2010, Spanish Radio Academy requested to United Nation to establish a World Radio Day dedicated to Radio. UNESCO accepted the request and announced on November 3,
Radio In India
The journey of Radio in India was started before Independence but not very successful. On 20th August 1921, for the first time in India, some operator broadcast the radio unofficially from Calcutta, Bombay, Madras, and Lahore, but they were unsuccessful to take it forward. After that, a Private transmitter was started in Madras Presidency Club in 1924, but he only exists for 3-years. Radio Club Bombay was founded in 1927, but it last in 1930. “Imperial Radio of India”, which renamed into “All India Radio” after the Independence was established in 1936.
In 1957, “All India Radio” was changed to “Akashwani”. Akashwani runs educational, cultural, literary, social, sports, youth, child, agricultural, environment related programs in 27 different language. Due to this effort, it became very famous in India in very little time and on the same time; the rest of the World became also familiar with Indian culture and literature.
“Vishal Bharti” started commercial radio broadcast from 1967. There were only 6 radio stations in India at the time of Independence which reached only to 11% of total population, but today, more than 250 radio stations which cover 99% of Indian Population.
Look at the themes over the Years.
For the beginning two years, i.e. in 2012 & 2013, there was no specific theme for the program. From 2014, UNESCO announced every year a specific theme for the celebration of the World Radio Day. The theme by UNESCO year by Year was as:
Gender Equality & Women’s Empowerment in Radio (2014)
The theme for 2014 was Gender Equality & Women’s Empowerment in Radio. Under this theme, several sub-themes were added. This theme helps to develop gender-related policies and strategies for radio, promoting the safety of women journalists, reducing stereotypes and promoting multidimensional portrayal in radio.
Youth and Radio (2015)
The theme for 2015 was Youth and Radio. The target of this theme was to increase the participation of the young generation in Radio.
Radio in Times of Emergency and Disaster (2016)
Radio in Times of Emergency and Disaster was the theme for 2016. The main aim behind this theme is to highlight the social impact of the Radio in the time of disaster or emergency. Radio remains, even when all fails.
Radio is You (2017)
The theme of 2017 was audience- centric. It encouraged radio stations to function in their possibly best way.
Radio and Sports (2018)
The theme of the last year was targeted on the sports sector across the World.
Radio: Dialogue, Tolerance, and Peace (2019)
The official theme this year is “Radio: Dialogue, Tolerance, and Peace”. As the other years, this year too, UNESCO oversees the celebrations, and promote positive dialogues with the help of the Radio Stations.